Microsoft Windows Server 2008 is one of the lines of the server of operating systems from Microsoft Windows. It was officially released in February 2008. It was released after the introduction of Windows Server 2003. It was however released for the second time in 2009 in the name of Windows Server 2008 R2.
The Windows Server 2008 involves the same code base as Windows Vista in its making, due to which it is similar to Windows Vista as far as its function and architecture is concerned. Moreover, as the code base is same as Windows Vista it comes with similar features of security management and technical and administration.
Before opting for the installation of Windows Server 2008 it is always better to get a thorough knowledge of the various editions available. In addition, you should also know about the related hardware equipment. You should also know about the options for an upgrade which come with each edition. Here we will discuss the Windows Server 2008 editions and also the suggested requirements of hardware.
This is an entry level server offering from Windows Server 2008. The best part of this edition it that it is less expensive. It is available only in 64-bit versions and supports up to 4 processors and 32GB of RAM. It is ideal for small businesses or SMBs and is best for providing web, DNS, print, application services and file. However, as far as support for clustering is concerned it is not found in this edition.
As compared to Standard edition the Windows Server 2008 Enterprise edition gives fabulous scalability and functionality. Moreover, unlike the Windows Server Standard edition, this server can support up to 8 processors and up to 2TB of RAM.
In addition, you also get support for up to 8 nodes in this edition. The good thing is that you can upgrade Windows Server 2000, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Server 2000 Standard Edition etc to this edition.
Windows Web server is basically a version of Windows Server 2008 which is built for giving services of the web. These services include IIS or Internet Information Services along with services like SMTP and Telnet. It comes with only 64-bit version and can support up to 4 processors. The RAM is 32GB.
However, this web server does not contain many features that are present in other editions like Bitlocker drive encryption, Windows Internet Naming Services, multipath I/O and SAN management.
The Windows Server 2008 Datacenter Edition is considered to be the best of the Windows Server 2008 range of products. It requires not only stability but it also requires high levels of uptime. Windows Server 2008 Datacenter edition is attached to the hardware with the application of HAL or Hardware Abstraction Layers. The fact is that you can only obtain Datacenter edition as part of the purchase of hardware. With other versions, the editions of Datacenter come with 64-bit version and supports up to 2TB RAM. This edition can support at least 8 processors and up to a maximum of 64. You can upgrade your Datacenter editions of Windows 200 and 2003 to Windows Server 2008 Datacenter Edition.